Egypt has a rich history, in the ancient period Egypt was the greatest and well developed civilization, they were well known for monumental architecture that depicted stages of life and death. The Egyptians also influenced civilizations in other parts of the world also. Here are list of Top 7 Monuments of Egypt.
- Valley of Kings:
This site was the main burial place of queens, priests and the other royal family members. Situated at the banks of the river Nile the place was the principal burial place between 1539B.C. to 1075 B.C. Mummification was done in preserving the royal bodies. During excavations done in the period 2005-2008 most of these tombs were discovered. UNESCO has declared this as a world heritage site.
- Temple of Hatshepsut:
Near the valley of Kings and opposite the Luxor city is this temple known as Deir el-Bahr temple which means the Monastery of North. The temple dedicated to Amun, the local deity of ancient Egypt was constructed in the 15th century by Maatkare Hatshepsut. The walls of the temple illustrate the life events in female Pharaoh Maatkare Hatshepsut. The main sculpture in the centre terrace of the temple represents the divine birth of Hatshepsut.
- Medinet Habu:
This huge temple complex built around 3500 years ago in the memory of the great Ramsses III Pharaoh, is in the city of Luxor. The entire complex was surrounded by wall which is now in the partially destroyed state. Many valuable jewellery, clothes and other goods are kept in the chambers where the body of Ramsses III is kept.
- Pyramid of Djoser:
This is the first pyramid built by Egyptians. Built in 27th century by Pharaoh Djoser, the pyramid is 60 meters high with six layers in it. The pyramid was the largest stone cut structure at that time. Spread over 35 acres of land the complex has temples, chapels and other monuments. There is a 6 Km. long tunnel with chambers and galleries which served as the burial place for the Pharaoh and his other royal family members.
- Luxor Temple:
This great temple complex was built in fourteenth century B.C. using sandstones, which was reconstructed by Alexander the Great in 320 B.C. The temple complex contains altogether six temples dedicated to the deities, statues of Thebes, Amun, Mut and Khonsu. The site is popular for the most important religious festival in Egypt in ancient period. The complex was used for different type of worship during 1539 B.C. to 1075 B.C. worship, the massive towers have also witnessed the military triumphs. The main entrance is holding six colossal statues of prince Ramesses, which is an attraction even today.
- Great Sphinx of Giza:
The Sphinx is the mythological creature with a lion’s head and human body. The great sphinx is largest statue made of a single stone in the world. This is situated at the Western bank of river of Nile in Giza. 73.5 meters in length and 66.34 meters in height the Great Sphinx is massive and known as oldest known monuments, built between 2558B.C to 2532 B.C. The purpose of building of this Great Sphinx is still a mystery. Natural erosion and man invasion has caused great damage to the face of the monument.
- Great Pyramid of Giza:
The great pyramid at Giza is declared as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. This is the largest and oldest of all the pyramids built in ancient Egypt, built between 2589 B.C. to 25O4 B.C. The pyramid has a height of 481 feet and is the tallest man-made monument built by using 2.3 million stone blocks. The mortar used for the construction of Giza pyramid is stronger than the stones, and similar mortar cannot be done again now. The pyramid of Giza has three chambers and the first being underground, carved into the bed of rocks. There is also a long grand gallery of 8 meters high and 47 meters long leading to King’s chamber.