The imposing castle goes far beyond from being a mere monument to become heart & soul of the surroundings. These castles comprise the epitome of the glory & the prowess of the monarchy that ruled that place. The castles or the fortresses always find themselves residing in the heart of every travel itinerary. Visiting veteran fortresses, which stood tall against the test of time swanking their battle scars with all might like a fierce warrior, is an experience that can be seldom described in words.
These structures, which actually work as genuine time machines, constitute some of the most popular tourist destinations around the globe. Here we present a list of Top 10 largest castles in the world which are listed as per the area occupied by them!
- Malbork Castle, Poland:
Founded in 1274 by the Teutonic Knights, the ‘Malbork Castle’ is the biggest castle in the world. The castle is located on the southeastern bank of the ‘River Nogat’ in ‘Poland’ & has been inscribed in UNESCO’s list of ‘World Heritage Sites’. The castle was expanded on several times & it was used by the ‘Teutonic Knights’ to resist the Polish invaders. In 1466, the Knights retreated & the castle became the home of the Polish monarchy. This magnificent castle covers an area of 143,591 sq. meters. It now hosts myriad attractions, including a monastery, a massive palace & a museum displaying medieval period artifacts! Read More….
- Meharangarh Fort, India:
Perched on a hillock that soars 400 feet above the neighboring city of Jodhpur, India’s ‘Meharangarh Fort’ bags the second position in the list. This colossal fort was built in 1459 by Rao Jodha, founder of Jodhpur, when he shifted his capital here from ‘Mandore’. The fort is renowned for its hefty fortifications, which consist of 36 meters high & 21 meters thick walls. The fort encloses an area of 81,227 sq. meters & houses myriad magnificent palaces adorned with ornate artwork & stupendous courtyards. The fort is situated in the Indian city of Jodhpur in the state of ‘Rajasthan’ & is considered as one of the most famous tourists destinations in the country, along with the city of ‘Jodhpur’ that resides at its feet.
- Prague Castle, Czech Republic:
Constructed in 880 AD & expanded on several occasions till the 18th century, the castle in ‘Prague’ is the most revered historical monument in the ‘Czech Republic’. This giant castle spans an area over 66,761 sq.meters & features several ancient artifacts, buildings & valuable information. The cathedral of ‘St. Vincent’, which possesses crown jewels & ‘St. George’s Basilica’ are the most notable buildings in the castle. In the past, the castle was the seat of Czech monarchs & eventually, it became a residence of religious orders. Today, this captivating pride of ‘Czech Republic’ functions as an official residence of heads of state. Read More….
- Windsor Castle, England:
The world famous ‘Windsor Castle’ is one of the most prominent symbols of the English dominance & is the largest currently inhabited castle in the world. Currently serving as one of the official residence of Queen Elizabeth II, the castle is used for several private & state functions as well. Castle’s mammoth 54,835 sq. meters of area encloses a bevy of spectacular structures, including ‘St. George Chapel’, ‘Queen Mary’s dollhouse’ & State Apartments. The castle was constructed in 1070’s to defend a strategically important region of the ‘River Thames’ during the Norman monarchy. The castle area is also used as the burial site for ten monarchs of the English dynasty.
- Hohensalzburg Castle, Austria:
A well-preserved castle in Salzburg, Austria, is one of the biggest existing medieval fortresses in the central Europe. The foundation was laid in the year 1077 & the castle was eventually expanded in the following centuries, covering 54,523 sq. meters of area. The fortress currently houses a museum that encompasses a wealthy collection of ancient weapons, the Roman coins & historical musical instruments. Nestled atop a hill, ‘HohensalzburgCastle’ offers a spectacular view of the city of Salzburg.
- Spis Castle, Slovakia:
Slovakia’s one of the most prominent tourist attractions, the ‘Spis Castle’, was built for the first time in the 12th century. However, the first manifestation of this castle was severely damaged during the earthquake & was reconstructed again in the early 13th century. The castle again fell prey to the harsh act of destiny in the year 1780 when a devastating fire shattered much of the part of this splendid castle. The castle is now included in the UNESCO’s list of ‘World Heritage Sites’ & it has also featured in a few films, including ‘The Last Legion’ & ‘Dragonheart’!
- Buda Castle, Hungary:
The 13th century built ‘Buda Castle’ is situated on the southern end of Castle Hill in Budapest, Hungary. The castle was constructed for defending the town against ‘Mongol’ raiders. It went through a series of reconstructions following a number of invasions & wars, due to which, several architectural elements, ranging from ‘Gothic’ to ‘Baroque’, were included in its construction. This magnificent castle spans an area worth 44,647 sq. meters & it now houses the ‘National Gallery’ & other museums. The ‘Buda Castle’ attracts hordes of the tourists every year & it is considered as an icon of Hungary’s national heritage! Read More….
- Himeji Castle, Japan:
Japan’s most beautiful castle- the ‘Himeji Castle’, is located on the hilltop in Himeji. The castle spans around 41, 468 sq. meters of the area & is considered as an epitome of ‘Oriental Castle Architecture’. The magnificent castle of Himeji houses 83 buildings, all armed with the formidable fortifications & its spectacular architecture resemble to a flock of birds ready to take a flight. The castle was built in the 14th century & since then, it went through several facelifts, achieving its today’s appearance in 1609. Read More….
- Citadel of Aleppo, Syria:
The ‘Citadel of Aleppo’ is nestled atop a hill which had been used since the 3rd millennium BC by various rulers for military purposes. The citadel stands 50 meters high & covers approximately 39,804 sq. meters of area. The hill was occupied by multitudes of rulers, including the Greeks, Ayyubids, Byzantine & Mamluks. Citadel’s current appearance is credited to the Byzantine monarchs who built the imposing structure at this place in the 13th century. In 1986, the citadel was inscribed on UNESCO’s list of ‘World Heritage sites’.
- Edinburgh Castle, Scotland:
The colossal structure of Scotland’s premium landmark- the ‘Edinburgh Castle’ is positioned on a dead volcanic crag. The castle occupies 35,737 sq. meters of area & encloses several buildings built in the 16th century. The oldest surviving monument of ‘St. Margaret’s Chapel’ is, however, an honorable exception as it was built in the earlier part of the 12th century.