This temple at Konark, is located on the eastern coastline of India and is based in the Puri district of the state of Odisha in India. The temple is the masterpiece and outstanding example of superb art and architecture. The scale and the proportions in which it is built is astonishing. Built in the 13th century, by architect Bisu Moharana, with involvement of 1200 artisans, this temple is an excellent example of the Kalingan temple architecture, with all the elements in the perfect harmony and complimenting each other. The temple is dedicated to Lord Sun, as per Hindu mythology Sun is the god riding in chariot led by 7 horses and the chariot has 24 wheels. The construction of this temple was done in 12 years.
Temple Of Sun God:
This is the most famous Brahmin sanctuary of India built in the 13th century. The temple at Konark in Odisha is monumental representation of the Surya chariot of Sun God. It has 12 pairs of wheels that are decorated with symbolic designs and is led by the team of 7 horses, six of which are still existent and are on the either side of the stairway leading to the sanctuary. This signify the movement of Sun God across the heaven. The temple indeed is the masterpiece of creativity and the scale and expanse leaves the viewer stunned. It is embellished with the refined depictions of the life and activities.
The 24 wheels on the North and South side each around 3 meters in diameter refer to the cycle of seasons and the months. These complete the imaginary structure of temple chariot. Between the wheels is the plinth of the temple which is decorated lavishly with the icons of dancers, musicians and the erotic group. The temple was constructed in the Hindu Kingdom of Orissa, during the reign of Narasimha Deva in the period 1238 to 1268 AD. This depicts the strength and stability of the Ganga Empire as well as the values held in mythology.
The present temple was built by King Narasimha dev. of Ganga dynasty to celebrate victory over the Muslims. The temple was desecrated by the troops of Mughal emperor Jahangir in the early 17th century. The legend also quotes that the temple was constructed by Samba, the son of Lord Krishna. Samba was afflicted by leprosy and he was cured by Surya after 12 years of penance. So Samba built this temple in the honour of Surya the Sun God.
The architecture of this temple is unique, the temple is built from stone on the sandy shores, it is so carefully oriented that the when the rising sun against the horizon emerges from the waters of the Gulf of Bengal, the first rays of the Sun strikes the principal entry.
How to get there?
Regular buses and Jeeps are provided from Puri. The whole is of an hour. You can also switch to Rickshaw, where the trip will cost you around 300-250 INR. You can also opt for guide who will give you a brief of history of Sun Temple.
- The temple is dedicated to Sun God.
- Situated : Konark Village , Odisha, India
- Visiting time: 9 AM – 7AM
- The temple was dated in C.1250