The word Mausoleum is derived from the tomb of Mausolus. Mausolus was the governor of the Persian Empire, the structure of this tomb was so aesthetic and unique that it was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The word Mausoleum was generally used for all the grand tombs in the world. Here is a list for ‘Popular Mausoleums Around The World’.
- Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is gloriously occupying a spot in the list of the wonders of the World even today. The tomb of the Mughal emperor and his wife Mumtaj Begam on the banks of river Yamuna at Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. The structure is made from bright white marbles; this was built between 1632 to 1653 by Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor, in the memory of his wife. Taj Mahal is well maintained heritage structure that also includes an ornamental gardens pools fountain and lovely landscape.
- Terracota Army
This Mausoleum built near the city of Xi’an in China, is the mausoleum of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty ruled between 221 BC- 206 BC. He established the reign of the Quin Dynasty by defeating all the rivals. Though the tomb of the Emperor is not yet excavated the buried Terracota army has already become a popular tourist spot. These life-sized figures contained 8000 soldiers and also chariots and horses, all of them are still not unearthed.
- Imam Husayn Shrine
This shrine is in the holy city of Karbala in Iraq, where Husayn ibn Ali, the second grandson of Prophet Muhammad, was killed in the battle of Karbala. This tomb is the holiest place for the Shia Muslims. The shrine has around 65 small rooms well decorated from both inside and outside. The grave of Husayn is right below the golden dome, kept in a cage like structure.
- Tomb of Jahangir
Jahangir was a Mughal Emperor who reigned between 1605 and 1627 in Delhi. His tomb is located in the city of Lahore in Pakistan. His son built this mausoleum 10 years after his death, the mausoleum has well maintained decorative garden and has four minarets in corners standing 30 meters in height. The interior has colored marbles and there are flowers made of mosaic on the walls.
- Humayun’s Tomb
Situated in the capital city of Delhi in India is the first garden tomb made by his wife, this tomb is a marvelous example of the Persian Architecture. Delhi being the capital of the Mughal empire also. The main tomb, which took almost 8years years to complete is based in the center of the 30-acre lovely gardens made as per Persian style.
- Tomb of Cyrus
Cyrus the Great, who was the founder and ruler of the Persian Empire in the 6th century BC. The tomb is the most important tourist attraction in the present day Iran, it is said that the monument had a golden bed, a table set with drinking vessels, a gold coffin with some gems and precious stones embedded ornaments, with an inscription. Alexander conquered and looted Persepolis, now there are none of these things nor the inscription there.
- Lenin Mausoleum
This mausoleum is in Moscow, in Russia, and has the tomb of Vladimir Lenin who died in 1924. The corpse requires daily maintenance work which includes moisturization of the features and injecting preservatives. The body is kept at 16 degrees C with humidity maintained at 80- 90 % The visitors are prohibited from taking any photos or video as well as they are debarred from smoking and talking inside.