Paris Pantheon is a temple dedicated to all Gods, it was built in the Latin Quarter in Paris. The church was originally dedicated to St. Genevieve and is residence to reliquary chasse which contains relics, after several restorations and changes. Today, the place is known as a great example for neoclassicism with a frontage modelled on ‘Rome’s Pantheon’. Now the place is famous as a burial place for French Heroes.
History of the Pantheon
According to the history, in the year 1744, King Louis XV had vowed that if he recovered from severe, mysterious illness, he will replace the ruined Abbey of St, Genevieve. Soon after this, the King recovered from illness, and Marquis of Marigny was entrusted with vows fulfilments. Designer Jacques Germain Soufflot was charged for construction of the church. He planned with the intention of combining brightness and light to the Gothic church with classical principles. But this needed the great Gothic windows to be blocked. After considering all such points, construction of the church was started.
The foundation of the church was laid in the year 1758, after many financial calamities, which were not completed till the death of Soufflots death. Soufflots died in the year 1789. The church was completed by the start of French Revolution. Then a new government as appointed which ordered it to change from church to Mausoleum.
Then in year 1851, Physicist Leon Foucault explained and demonstrated Earth Rotation in the Pantheon. He constructed 67-meters Foucault’s Pendulum under Central Dome. The pendulum of iron sphere was returned to the Pantheon in year 1995 from the Conservatoire.
What to See?
The Pantheon stands as a great example of Neoclassicism, with a huge portico of Corinthian Columns and Greek Cross Plan. Crypts are vast and wide equally, the lines from huge building are measured as 110-meters long and 84-meters and 83-meters wide and high respectively. The structure is modelled as a replica of the Pantheon of Rome which resembles St. Paul’s Cathedral of London.
There is an inscription at the entrance of the church which reads as ‘AUX GRANDS HOMMES LA PATRIE RECONNAISSANTE’ which means ‘For great men of a grateful nation’. Marie Curie was only women who were honoured with other French men.
In November 2002, coffin of Alexandre Dumas was carried by 6-republican guards, Alexandre Dumas was famous, as an author of ‘The Three Musketeers’. He was draped in velvet blue cloth with a motto inscribed ‘UnPour tous, tous pour un’. The coffin was then transported from the original site to France.