The Padmanabhaswamy Temple located in capital of State Kerala, India. The shrine is intricate fusion of Dravidian architecture and Kerala style of architecture. The temple structure is considered as a replica of Adikesava Perumal Temple which is located in Kanyakumari District. The Padmanabhaswamy Temple is not just richest temple in India but also richest hindu temple around the world, in terms of its assets, precious stones and so. It is wealthiest shrine recorded in the history of the world. Lord Vishnu is main deity in ‘Anantha Shyanam’ posture is enshrined. The yogic sleep posture on serpent Adisheshan adds regalness and charm.
The history of temple Sri Padmanabhaswamy dates back from 8th century. The scared temple is considered as one of the 108 holiest Vishnu temple or Divya Desams in India. The Divya Desams are holiest shirne mentioned in Tamil Azhvars- saints.
Marthanda Varma, noted king of Travancore, did renovtion of the entire shrine, which resulted in present day’s structure. Marthanda Varma introduced bhadra Deepam and Murajapam festival in temple. Murajapam is conducted once in 6-year, continous chanting of prayer is done.
In year 1750, Marthanda Varma vowed that the royal family will rule the state on behalf of Lord Vishnu, while his descendants world also serve Kingdom as servant of Lord. Since then the king is preceded by the name ‘Padmanabha Dasa’. The donation made to the temple was called as ‘Thripadidanam’. According to the devotee beliefs, the temple is situated in one of the 7-Parasurama Kshtras. The temple stands close to lotus spring, hence it is called Padma Theertham.
The presiding deity of Lord Vishnu, which has 12008 salagramams, was brought from Nepal and taken from the River Gandhaki. The main idol is places in Garbhagriha or sanctum, the 18-feet huge statue cannot be viewed from single door, it has to be viewed through three different doors.
The head and chest can be visible through first door, hands through second and feet through third door.
The architecture of the shrine marks the temples uniqueness by its work on bronze and stone. The interior of temple is adorned with aesthetic murals and paintings. The Dhwaja Stamba – flag post, is round 80-feet high covered with gold plated copper sheets.
The eastern side of the sanctum is broad corridor which has 365 scuptured granite stone pillars with beautiful carvings. The ground floor below main entrance has nataka sala, where classical art forms are performed on festivals. The nataka sala is situated on eastern side of main entrance.