Newfoundland Island, located off the coast of the mainland of North America. The province is also known as ‘Newfoundland and Labrador’. Today it is one of the most populous among Canadian provinces. It was in year 2001, the province was named as ‘Newfoundland’ from ‘Newfoundland And Labrador’. Geographically, it is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean.
About the place:
The area is settled by indigenous people with Dorset culture. In the 11th century the land was abandoned by ‘Viking Leif Eriksson’, an Icelandic who called the Newfoundland as ‘Vinland’. The other people who visited the land and tried to migrate were Portuguese, French and Spanish. The land was also visited by ‘John Cabot’ who worked under a contract with King Henry VII of England in the year 1497.
Then in the year, 1501 Portuguese explorer named ‘Gaspar Corte- Real’ with his brother named ‘Migual Corte-Real’ attempted to find a North-west passage was to Newfoundland. But the attempted was not successful.
It was on 5th August 1583, the Newfoundland was declared as first overseas colony under ‘Elizabeth I Queen’, which was claimed by Sir Humphrey Gilbert. Today the land is known as oldest British colony.
The Newfoundland is an Island which is separated from the Labrador Peninsula from Cape Breton Island and Strait Belle Isle. It is 16th largest Island from around the world with 108,860-square kilometre. St John is the provincial capital, which is located on the south-eastern cost of Island. While, Cape Spear is south capital which is located on the easternmost part of North America. It is also one of the youngest province in Canada which was organised in year 1825, and became a self-governing from year 1855-1934. Then in year 1949, the Newfoundland made union with Canada with the support of Britain.
The land is blessed with several serene and picturesque landscapes surrounded by a carpet of the aqueous Atlantic Ocean.