Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is located in North-East part of India in a state called Assam. It is a biodiversity hotspot with 39,100 hectares of land, the Wildlife Sanctuary is also popular for its Manas Tiger Reserve which lies alongside of Manas River around 283,700 hectares of land. The spectacular forest beauty and scenic landscape makes this place more special.
The Manas Wildlife sanctuary located alongside of Manas River is declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in year 1985. It is known for its Tiger Reserve Project, Biosphere Reserve of Assam and also Elephant Reserve, the park has several endangered and rare species such as Hispid hare, Pygmy Hog, Golden Langur and Roofed Turtle. The Wild water buffalo population adds another good point to the National Park.
The Manas River has its own importance, Manas-Beki is major stream flowing and joining Brahmaputra River. The river carries huge amount of rock debris, an amount of silt from foothills during monsoon season due to heavy rainfall. The area of Manas Wildlife Sanctuary supports three type of vegetation alluvial grasslands, Dry Deciduous Forest and Semi-Evergreen Forest. The dry deciduous forest signifies a primary stage in sequence, which is replaced by moist deciduous forest renewed by flood and water course, which in turn is then replaced by Semi-evergreen forest.
Manas National Park:
It has around 22-species of endangered animals. At current date, the National Park has around 500-species of birds, 60-species of mammals, 7-amphibians, 42-different species of reptiles, and 26-species of animals which are on verge of extinction globally. The sanctuary is not only rich by its animal species but also with its range of vegetation and plant diversity. It has around 172-types of herbs, 37 types of undershrub’s, 49-shrubs, 89-different types of trees, 43-different types of grasses, 15- different types of ferns and 15-different type of orchids. Undoubtedly, with such richness of vegetation and animal life deserves a position under World Heritage site.
Today, Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is protected by strong judicial framework under Act of 1972, wildlife protection. The land property today is managed by Assam Forest Department with high security to protect from poaching, grazing and encroachments. The place is gaining good light from tourist department. The surrounding of forest area are managed by buffer zone, to manage and conserve area.
History of Park
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary takes its name from River Manas and Goddess of Serpent named Manasa. The National Park was previously known as North Kamrup. Then was names as ‘Manas’ on 1st October in year 1928. Then was declared as World Heritage site in year 1985.
To speak more about the list of endangered animals and plants, following are red list of animals and plants which were on verge of extinction from year 2009-2011. On declaring this site as heritage site, the wildlife and plant life were protected and conserved.
Following is Red listed plants and animals:
- Pithraj Tree (Aphanamixis Polstachya)
- Gaur(Bas Gaurus)
- Asian Elephant (Elephas Maximus)
- Bengal Bustard (Houbaropsis Bengalensis)
- Rein Snake or Green Tinket and many more.
The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary situated on foothills of Himalayas and is extended part of Bhutan. The minimum temperature noted is around 17-Degree Celsius and 38-Degree maximum. The land receives maximum rainfall between the periods of May-September. The National Park has scored more as tourist and flora-fauna as compared to Kaziranga National Park.