Titicaca Lake is deepest and largest sacred lake situated on the border of Peru and Bolivia. According to the volume of the water, the lake is largest Lake in South America. The lake is often said to be highest navigable lake in the world, with an elevation of 3,812-meters. Although the lake is navigable by large boats like commercial crafts.
The Lake is much venerated and beautiful which is near Copacabana. According to Incan Mythology, God Viracoca rose from Lake to create Sun, Stars, Moon, Human Being. A temple was discovered recently, as a submerged shrine in a lake.
History of the Lake
An International Archaeological team had discovered an ancient temple submerged in the Lake Titicaca. The temple structure was nearly twice the size of the football field, a path was also found heading to Copacabana. The road and the temple are estimated to be between 1,000 and 1,500 years old. The Government of Bolivia country is providing fund to conduct a thorough research and study on the temple to bring back on to the surface. But, locals are fearful, as bringing back the temple back to surface might bring ill-effects and disrespect to the sacred lake.
Mystery and Myths!
According to the Inca Mythology, Lord Viracocha arose after a great flood from the Lake to create the world. He also commanded Sun, Moon, Stars to rise and then went to Tiahuanaco to create Human beings Mallku Kapac and Mama Ocllo. Inca Adam and Eve were the first human, who were formed from stone and brought to life by the god. The God Viracocha then commanded to go out and populate the world. It is considered that the Incas is the birthplace of Incas, whose spirit returned from the lake.
What to Explore?
If you are planning to visit the Lake Titicaca, then here’s a handful of information you must know! The lake is 3,200-square miles and 1,000 feet in depth. It is also one of the largest, deepest and highest lakes around the world. It is popular for its beauty and stunning blue sparkling aqueous. Other than the Lake, the 41-island are also regarded as sacred. The Isla Del Sol – the Island of the Sun which is located near Copacabana at Bolivia side is considered as significant. It is also the largest island of other 41-islands. While on the north side, there is a huge stone complex which is home of Chinkana. The Stone complex is full of mazes, it is believed that the structure was used as a training center for Inca priests.
There is a sacred rock carved from the shape of a Puma, towards the path of Challapampa. Along the path there are two huge footprints, which are believed to be created when Sun dropped down on earth to give birth to Mama Ocllo and Manco Capac.
Towards South end, there is Isla del Sol Yumani, which is the largest town. This island has 206-steps which lead to town and has a sacred fountain. The fountain is made up of stones and has three springs. The fountain is also known as ‘Fountain of the Youth’.
The Isle of the Moon is most stunning and not to miss the site. The structure was originally built by Aymara culture Pre Inca civilization, but Incas left mark the structures. It was during Incas the Isle De La Luna has chosen women, which were called as ‘Virgin of the Sun’ and lived life as nun. The women wove garments and performed rituals dedicated to Sun.
Paccha Mama and Paccha Tata which are two mountains on the island, which are known as Mother Earth and Father Earth respectively. Both sites are sacred, on January 18th of each year, local dress in traditional way and climb the mountains. The tradition is performed to offer coca leaves, alcohol and grains to Earth.