There are several National Park in world, each has some or the other unique feature, that makes that place adorable then other. This Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park is also a great spot to explore. This is located on the island of Hawai’I in the United States of Hawai’i. There are two active volcanoes. Kilauea is the more active and one of the world’s most active volcanoes. Whereas the other volcano in this National Park, Mauna Loa is the most massive volcano. The researchers can get most valuable info regarding the birth of Hawaiian island.
The park is spread on a vast stretch of almost 1308.88 square kilometres. More than half of this area has provides challenging opportunities for hiking and camping in the volcanoes wilderness area. The entire park displays great volcanic landscapes as well as glimpses of rare flora and fauna. In the year 1980 the park was designated as the International Biosphere Reserve, and was given the honour of being the World Heritage Site in the year 1987. The park has most diverse environment, at some spots being at sea level while at the summit of the most active volcano, Mauna Loa being at 4169 metres high. The main entrance to the park is from the Hawaii Belt Road. The road is named as the Chain of Craters Road due to the several craters that exists on this road. These craters are the remains of the past eruptions in the history. The other end of the entrance to the park was near the town of Kalapana, but now this is covered by lava flow.
In one of the largest land acquisition in the history of Hawaii islands, an additional 468.58 square kilometres of land was added to the park making it bigger by almost 56% larger, this was from Kahuku Ranch.
In the year 1790 a team of warriors along with women and children were killed due to violent eruption that caught them by surprise killing many, while the others have their footprints left in the lava which are seen even today. They had been there at the crater to offer gifts, as the people there believed that this was the sacred home of the volcano goddess named as Pele, and the Hawaiians visited the crater to offer gifts to goddess.
Most of these islands are situated on the top of the Pacific plate, the largest tectonic plate on earth. The two main volcanoes in this National Park are Mauna Loa and the Kilauea. The height of Mauna Loa being 13680 feet i.e. 4169 metres with width 70 Km. with width 110 Km. and is world’s most active volcano. Kilauea the other main volcano has a dome in the shape of a shield, and is spread over 80 Km. long and 23 Km. wide span. Both these volcanoes release more fluid and gaseous eruptions producing rivers of molten lava and fiery mountains. Due to their volcanic eruptions a barren desert-like landscape is created in this National Park.