A defensive fortification wall in the Roman province of Britannica which was built in AD122 during Hadrian Emperor is known as Hadrian Wall. The Hadrian wall is also known as Roman Wall or Vallum Hadriani. The wall is made of stone base and stone wall, which runs between Solway Firth and River Tyne. The Hadrian Wall is truly a special place to visit.
Unlike other historic places, Hadrian Wall also has stunning landscape, great wildlife, class archaeology, funky pubs, vibrant cities and friendly population inviting people to visit. The Hadrian Wall Walk is a popular activity people engage themselves into. The place teaches about Roman history, where adult and children can learn about it.
The Hadrian Wall Path gains great significance, the wall can be followed by foot way. Over time the place has become a popular tourist spot and good attraction in Northern England. The place is declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1987.
Emperor Hadrian was the first ruler who constructed 80-miles long wall to separate Romans from Barbarians. The completion of the wall was done in six-years. Emperor Hadrian ruled from 117-138 century, after his death, his successor Antonius Pius extended the wall toward north-west to build a new wall in Scotland.
The Roman wall was built with three legion of Britain, which was then manned by second-line secondary troops. The purpose of the wall was to control the frontier to reduce the threat. The wall was not built with the intention to fight from top of wall, but the units which were made to base on the wall was trained to encounter the enemy.
In the year 1987, Hadrian Wall was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Over the years, the wall was damaged. Today, the wall has become a tourist attraction, it invites thousands of visitors throughout the world.
The initial Plan of Hadrian Wall was called as a ditch with 80-milecastle fortlets. Very few milecastle were actually located at mile accurate mile division. Local limestone was also used for the construction, while few sections were built with turf instead, since no needful rock outcrop were near.
Milecastle were also built from timber & earth rather than stone. The Board Wall was made with clay-bonded mortared dressed & rubble core, which became vulnerable and begin to collapse. Three different designs were used for making milecastle and turrets.
After constructing forts, few were used as intelligence or scouting. Hence, a defensive system was erected from north to south, which includes:
- Curtain wall
- The Vallum
- Glacis & deep ditch
- Military road and so.
Visiting Hadrian Wall and opting for Hadrian Trail or Hadrian Wall Walk will help you to explore wonderful landscape and get deep significance of place.