Blessed with an incredibly beautiful landscape & opulent wildlife, Canada’s ‘Gros Morne National Park’ is globally famous for its stupendous biodiversity & its possession of interesting geologic features! The veteran rocks of this area are testimonials of significant geological activities those took place several millennia back, at the time, when the continents were born. The national park has played a major role in the scientific study of the tectonic plates & understanding the process of continental drift, due to which, it was rightly honored by UNESCO, who declared it as the ‘World Heritage Sites’ in 1987.
The national park spans a staggering 1,805 sq. km of area, becoming the second largest national park in ‘Atlantic Canada’. It is situated on the west coast of Newfoundland & includes a diverse landscape consisting of alpine region of the ‘Long Range Mountains’ & a coastal lowland flanking the ‘Gulf of St. Lawrence’. The park is bestowed with the spectacular natural beauty & constitute a great place for outing for tourists as they can hike through its secluded alpine terrain & enjoy camping by the seashore or lake banks.
The park exhibits the best example of the effects of the process of plate tectonics in the form of the exposed portion of oceanic crust & mantle rocks. It also displays the effects of glaciation in an island structure which has given rise to the exceptionally beautiful landscape. The alpine plateau, coastal lowland, fjords, valleys, vertical cliffs, pristine lakes & gushing waterfalls dramatically improve the aesthetic wealth of this national park.
An alpine terrain of the park is adorned with amazing freshwater fjords, bald rocks & steep valleys. Western Brook Pond, which is famous as an extremely pure natural body of water, is one of the most famous attractions in the park. The hills in the south-west are made of ultra-igneous rocks containing high concentration of heavy metals which hinder the plant growth, due to which, the area appears to be a barren desert. The alpine region is dotted with a number of waterfalls which are fed during the summer time by melted snow at higher altitudes. Pissing Mare Falls is the highest waterfall in the park & it flows into ‘Western Brook Pond’.
The coastal area in the park sports beautiful beaches, sheer cliffs & dune formations.
Flora & Fauna:
The coastal region has various shoreline plant species, including white spruce, prostrate spruce & balsam fir. Black spruce can be found at the oligotrophic sites, while Tundra vegetation covers the barren plateau at the topmost level.
The national park features a wide range of fauna. The moose is the most prominent species of this park, whereas other species, including lynx, caribou, arctic hare, black bear & red fox can also be found here in good numbers. Harbor seals dominate St. Paul inlet while, various species of giant whales make their seasonal appearance along the sea shore.
Hiking: Hiking is the most popular activity at ‘Gros Morne National Park’. Around 20 marked trails provide excellent opportunities to explore the mesmerizing beauty of the park. The trail, named after the former British Prime Minister James Callaghan, is the most rigorous hiking route which stretches over 16 km around the national park, offering an imposing view of the surroundings.
Boating: Multi-day long boating trips through exotic, crystalline fjords offer exclusive views of towering cliffs which flank the fjords.
Camping: The coastal line of the park is blessed with clean & secluded sandy beaches which are suitable for camping. Nearby colorful fishing villages fulfill the bare minimum requirements of quality camping along the seashores.
The ‘Gross Morne National Park’, thus demonstrates phenomenal natural & cultural heritage of Canada. The beautiful park surely deserves a visit at least once in a lifetime!