Gol Gumbaz, a popular monument in India. It is a tomb constructed in the name of Mohammed Adil Shah, which was constructed in the 17th century by the 7th ruler under Adilshah Dynasty. The word ‘Gol Gombadh’ means a circular dome, the monument was completed in the year 1656, by architect Yaqut of Dabul. It is located in Karnataka, Bijapur in India.
The monument holds a significant style and charm, aptly made in Indo- Islamic architecture with acoustic features and amazing dimension. The construction of the monument was completed followed by the death of King, after which the king was buried in the building. The monument contains sepulchre containing the tomb of Adil Shah.
Soon after his agreement with the titled throne, in AD 1626, Sultan started constructing his burying place for his own remains. The Sultan was then buried in a huge vault beneath the floor along with his other members of the family, his wives and daughter. The tomb is marked by wooden canopy and a raised high platform at the centre of the hall.
The mausoleum rest on bedrock in such way, which prevents unequal settlement. A huge cube with its wall decorated equally from all side with three arches placed above the basement. Among the other arches, center arch is wider then side one, it has doorways except in the north. Toward the North side is a semi-octagonal chamber defences the big wall. In the corner, a 7th –tiered tower of the octagonal cross section is placed. After the Sultan’s death the structure was further adorned.
At present, the monument is ranked as one of the impressive structure in India with its massive floor and greatly structured dome. The diameter of the hemispherical masonry dome is around 37.92m with thickness of 3.05m at the base. The floor area o monument is nearly 1703.56-sq.m. The Gol Gumbaz has a gallery which is called ‘Whispering Gallery’, it is because even a finest whisper is heard from side to side, and even a loud clap or other sound is distinctly echoed 10-times.
Other Interesting facts!
The Gol Gumbaz is not just impressive monument, but also second largest dome of the world, next to St Peter Basilica situated in Rome. Picturesque landscape is surrounded around the Gol Gumbaz which can be reached by through steps across the passage way which is quite narrow. The structure is known as a tomb of Sultan Adil Shah, but apart from that it has burial chambers of his two wives, his daughter and grandson also his mistress Ramba. The complex of the monument also houses Naqqar Khana, dharmashala, a gateway and a mosque. A building is structured in front of the monument which is turned to museum, holding complete history of Sultan Mohammad Adil Shah and his dynasty.
Unheard Surprising fact
Sultan Adil Shah was a popular legend with huge dynasty. According to the past locals, the people of dynasty chased and caught a ‘bolt of lightning’ which is hung at the entrance in front of the famous Gol Gumbaz. The hanged, so called ‘bolt of lightning’ can be spotted at present! It is tied to is tripod sort of ring with a rust resistant chain, it can be seen from a close angle. The tied ‘bolt of lightning’ is subjected to debate, even today from centuries. The object is known as sidilu from the local people, but in reality after ton of research, the object is a meteorite.
There is another interesting tale associated with the meteorite! A tale speaks, Adil Shah was a great follower and had vast faith in astrology of how the meteorite change into lightning. Few local say that meteorite landed at the very place where construction of Gol Gumbaz was started!