Fraser Island is located along the eastern coast of Australia & is considered as one of the most iconic natural heritage destinations in the nation! The island which is also referred by its Aboriginal name of K’gari has got outstanding universal value as it is the largest sand island in the world & is probably the only place on the earth where one can find the lush green foliage thriving on the sand dunes!
The miraculous ‘Fraser Island’ is situated along the southern coast of Queensland in ‘Australia’ within the Fraeser Coastal Region. It stretches out 123 kms in length & attains maximum width of 22 kms occupying some 1840 km2 of area. The island is blessed with some of the most stupendous white-sand beaches in the world & it’s inland is capped by the vivacious rainforests flourishing on sand dunes reaching up to 200 meters.
ACCESSING FRASER ISLAND:
This fantastic island can be reached either by a ferry from ‘River Heads’ to ‘Kingfisher Bay’ & ‘Inskip Point’ or ‘Wanggoolba Creek’ to ‘Hook Point’ or by chartered planes from Maroochydore Airport. Four-wheel drive is required for traveling on the island & it can be hired from the several firms providing this facility on the rent.
FEATURES OF FRASER ISLAND:
This amazing island is the host of immaculate nature & serene coastal line. The eucalyptus woodland & thick mangrove forests demonstrate the sound health of the nature. The vibrant sand dunes, some of which can reach more than 200 meters in height, impressively dots the otherwise lush green landscape of this magnificent island.
On top of that, the presence of more than 100 freshwater lakes, few of which flaunt the tea-color while others are miraculously crystal clear, add to its beauty. The ‘Fraser Island’ is the home of some of the cleanest lakes on the planet. It has Australia’s second highest concentration of lakes after ‘Tasmania’.‘Lake McKenzie’, situated atop a sand dune at the height of 100 meters is one of the most popular tourist destinations on the island.
Silently wriggling creeks, peat swamps & ‘wallum’ heaths adorn this incredibly beautiful island. The wallum heaths in particular, are more important due to its ecological significance & it houses beautiful wildflowers in spring & summer.
The splendid deposits of sand that has been accumulating for the past 750,000 years are the most prominent feature of ‘Fraser Island’. The island was created due to the deposition of the sediments carried by the strong winds on the giant volcanic bedrock that acted as a natural catchment. It is considered that all the hills on the island have been formed by the process called ‘sand-blowing’. The eastern coast of the island is facing the threat of slow erosion of the beaches as the rate of deposition of sand is more than its removal from the place.
The exceptionally vast plant life that has given this stunning island its unique identity is nurtured by the naturally occurring fungi called ‘Mycorrhizal’ present in the sand. This outstanding fungus is known for its magical ability of releasing the essential nutrients in the form that can be utilized by the plants.
The spectacular greenery provides shelter to a few species of mammals, including swamp wallabies, possums, sugar gliders, bandicoots, potoroos & highly endangered dingoes! The wetland houses a wide range of reptiles & amphibians, including daunting saltwater crocodiles. The island is the favorite destination of the rich variety of endemic as well as migratory birds. The surrounding azure waters are reputed for the frequent sighting of giant sea-creatures such as humpback whales, dolphins, dugongs, sea turtles & few shark species including the great whites, bull & tiger sharks. The island was declared as a part of the ‘Great Sandy National Park’ due to its richness in flora & fauna.
FRASER ISLAND- A WORLD HERITAGE SITE:
This majestic island was inscribed as the ‘World Heritage Site’ by UNESCO in 1992. It is estimated that the place is annually visited by nearly 350,000 to 500,000 visitors. The island is hugely popular among the trekkers & campers.
The island is the proud member of Austalia’s elite class natural heritage destinations & shares its rank with ‘Kakadu’, ‘Uluru’ & the ‘Great Barrier Reef’! The exceptional combination of the thick rainforests, shifting sand dunes, cleanest lakes & unending beaches is simply captivating & no visit to Australia can be completed without visiting this land of miracles!