The Chittorgarh fort is magnificent fort located in state of Rajasthan, India. The Chittorgarh fort is one of the oldest and largest fort in Rajasthan. Chitrangad Maurya Bappa Rawal, was main founder of the fort, the fort was constructed during Sisodia Dynasty. The fort majestically sits spreading on 700-acres of land. The fort is considered as brilliant architecture ever built by Rajputs. Impregnable fort binding all embattlement tactics was prime point of this fort.
The Chittorgarh Fort is grandest and largest fort in India. The fort is also declared as World Heritage site by UNESCO. The fort is located in capital of the Mewar in the Chittor city. Initially, the fort was rulled by Guhilot, later was Sisodias, then the Suryavanshi clans of Chattari Rajputs. The fort zone is surrounded with incredible historical palaces, towers and temples. The Chittorgarh fort have inspired several writes, poets for centuries.
In 15th -16th century the fort was thrice sacked, in year 1303 Rana Ratan Singh was defeated by Allauddin Khilji, then in year 1535, sultan of Gujarat Bahadur Shah defeated Singh Bikramjeet, then in year 1567, Emperor Akbar defeated Maharana Udai II who then founded Udaipur. The Chittorgarh Fort have faced series of battle, Rani Padmini and Rani Karnavati, too have added their courage, nationalism toward this fort. It in year 1303, Queen Padmini ife of Rana Rattan Singh fought battle and was killed, later in year 1537 AD Queen Karnavati fought the battle. Several women’s, children sacrificed their life to honour the fort.
The Beauty of Fort:
Today, the fort is considered as great tourist attraction, sprawling 590-feet in height above the valley beside Berach River. A circular road providing access to fort, the fort is surrounded by 82-water bodies, these water bodies are nothing but natural catchment or so. The fort is protected by seven gates namely: Ram Pol, Laxman Pol, Jodla Pol, Ganesh Pol, Hanuman Pol, Bhairon Pol and Padan Pol where Pol in local language means gate.
The Chittorgarh Fort is spread on wide area, and has several other tourist spots such as:
- Vijay Stambha
The Vijay or Jay Stamba (Victory Stamba) also called as symbol of Chittor. The tower was erected between 1458 and 1468 by Rana Khumba, to mar his victory over Mahnud Shah I Khalji. The 9-storey tower with 157-circular steps gives good panoramic view. The stamba is adorn with lights during festivals. The stambha went under repair work in 19th-century.
- Meera Temple
In year 1449, the Meera temple was built by Maharana Kumbha. The Meera temple has beautiful Vishnu Idols. The temple has aesthetic pillar, sanctum, the small temple of Lord Krishna is incredible.
- Padmini Palace:
Padmini Palace is another example of incredible architecture, a white building surrounded by water body is also known as Jal Mahal. It is said, it was at this palace where Alauddin was allowed to get glimpse of Rani Padmini, wife of Maharana Rattan Singh. Alauddin was Bestowed by her beauty and destroyed Chittor to possess her. The beauty of Rani Padmini is compared to Cleopatra. The life story of Rani Padmini is eternal and still exist in the pages of history.
Other Tourist Attractions:
If you are planning to visit Rajasthan, missing Chittorgarh Fort will miss essential tourist spot. Other than this fort there are more tourist spots like:
- Kalika Mata Temple
- Tulja Bhavani Temple
- Gaumukh Reservoir
- Fatek Prakash palace.
Jauhar Mela (Annual Fair: Between Feb: March) is best time to visit this fort. The city host this Rajput festival also celebrated as anniversary of one of the jauhars. During this festival, whole city, palaces, towers are illuminated and adorn by lights.