Running through History pages gives a glimpse of several places which are lost with time. Chan Chan is an abandoned city. The Chan Chan Peru is a great ruined, capital of Chimu Kingdom and also the largest city in Pre-Columbian America from 1100 – 1470 AD. The place is situated in the northern coast of Peru about 300-miles to the north of Lima in Moche valley.
About Chan Chan Site:
Chan Chan Site is titled as UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1986. The Chan Chan site is spread over 36-square Kilometre, but is conserved in good condition, since the area is rainless. The structure was built by adobe brick, while the building were completed with mud fixtures and patterned arabesques. The city was built systematically, the centre of the city consisted of quadrangles, walled citadels. It also contains temple, gardens, cemeteries, reservoir with arranged rooms.
Artisan and farmers, majorly inhabited the city. They lived outside the quadrangles in a modest way. The Kingdom was ruled by Chan Chan for two centuries. The site was a chief and prime site in Peru. The place extended from Piura to Paramonga. The economy of the place was based on agriculture, despite the area was dry region, it had a good irrigation facility.
The Archaeological Site
The Chan Chan is an archaeological city constructed under Chimur Kingdom. The City was last conquered by the Inca Empire in 1470AD. The city is surrounded by 50-60feet high wall. There are two types of design involved in the carving. One the realistic, which represented subjects like small mammals fish, birds while other is a stylish representation which depicted more graphic subjects.
The 26-feet high wall surrounding encloses 11 citadels. With Huaca Obispo, The Chan Chan has the bulk of monumental structures, it also has largest stepped pyramid. All palaces are built in similar fashion, but in different sizes.
According to Chimu Kingdom, a very strict belief was followed stating that not all man are created equal. The Sun created three eggs: one as gold ruling elite, second as silver and third copper for everyone.
The Heritage Site
The Archaeological site is titled as UNESCO World Heritage Site founded on the bank of River Moche in slots of La Libertad which is also called as Jang Jang. The word Jang –Jang in ancient Mochica language means ‘Sun-sun’.
Today, several tours are conducted to get into the depth of the site, its culture patterns and lifestyle. It is advised to choose appropriate tour guide to collect informative guidance. It is also believed that around 30,000 to 50,000 people lived at the Chan Chan. Nobility was main compound on which the Chan Chan was reserved, other commoners were forbidden from entering to the place.
If you want to explore the site in a small span of time, you must head to principal complex, which is called as Tschudi Palace, named after Swiss explorer. The Tschudi Palace is restored with 8-royal compound, 500-1000 house of noble people, courtyard with fishnet patterns and so. The best time to visit this place is December to April to avoid the desert heat.