Brasilia a federal capital of country, Brazil. Brazil is popular for football, a country which share its border with Peru, Bolivia, Columbia, Paraguay and Venezuela. Brasilia is a city which is located in the Federal District and carved out of Goias State on Central Plateau. It is elevated to around 3,500 feet and lies between the headwaters of Parana, Sao Francisco Rivers. The city is architecturally uniquely planned. Also the city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage in the year 1987. The population recorded by the city in the year 2000 was around 1,961, 499.
The climate is mild and warm with average maximum and minimum temperature of 14-degree Celsius. The average rainfall received per year is 1,600 mm followed by a dry season from March to October. The humidity falls between 40-80%. In the year 1994, the humidity percent was dropped to 11% during a draught period.
Brasilia is inhabited by both local Brazilians and foreigners. The city is economically improved. Several local people moved from Rio De Janerio and other urban places to staff the countless government agencies. The population of the city started increasing by the 21st century.
The Brasilia city is known as well-planned city. The plan of a city has been likened to a bow & arrow and bird. The City is designed by Brazilian architect Lucio Costa emphasized by Highway, and curves from north to southwest. The straight Monumental Axis are Civic and Federal buildings. At the South-eastern end judicial & legislative building stands proudly around the Square of 3-Powers. The area is termed as ‘conceptual heart of the city’.
Several buildings are designed by Brazilian Architect Oscar Niemeyer. The prime idea behind Square of Three Powers was the focal point of the dramatic Congressional Palace. The building is composed of 5-parts: White Concrete dome, massive concrete bowl, twin administrative tower, flat roofed and series of low lying annexes flank on both ends. The Palacio Da Alvorda, presidential residence is considered as finest achievement of Niemeyer. The parabolic structure with 16-graceful curving support, joining in a circle at around 115-feet above the floor of the nave.
Luxury and low cost both houses were built by government. The residential zones to inner of the city are arranged in superblock style known as superqudras as a group of apartments. Originally, the residential building was planned along the shores of artificial lakes, but early development of hotels, restaurants, private club gained more significance around the water. Several satellite towns were built like Gama, Nucleo Bandeirante, Planaltine, Ceilandia and Taguatinga.
Economy of the City
The economy of the city plays a major role. Construction services, banking, food production, food processing and so reflects the economy of the city. Many worldwide companies have headquarters at this place.
Air Routes and Highway have developed, regular national & international air service also developed in the rest of nation. The Rail-routes connects the city to other important city like Sao Paulo and Rio De Janerio.