The Balmoral Castle is a large royal residence estate in Royal Deeside, Scotland. The Castle is located near Crathie village, to its west is Ballater at 6.2-miles. The Balmoral was a residence for the British Royal family, since 1852. The whole estate was initially purchased privately by Prince Albert, to Queen Victoria. The estate then remained private for the royal family.
After few years, the royal family found the purchased estate was small and Castle needed to be commissioned. Then, the Balmoral Castle was structured as a private property. William Smith was an architect of Aberdeen, and designs were amended by Prince Albert. Today, the Castle stands proudly as a Scots Baronial architectural example and also classified as A-listed building under Historic Scotland properties. The Castle was completed in the year 1856 after demolishing the previous structure. The castle is spread over a land of 50,000 acres. The estate includes forestry, farmland, grouse motor, managed herds of deer, ponies and so on.
History of the Castle
According to the history, the Balmoral was built by Sir William Drummond in the year 1390. It was under King Robert II of Scotland from 1316 – 1390 as a hunting lodge. Then in 1451, the estate was recorded as a ‘Bouchmorale’ and then by Alexander Gordon.
Alexander Gordon was the second son of Earl of Huntly, tower house was built on the estate of Gordons. The tower houses were often referred as a castles, because of their formidable construction. Then, in 1662 the estate was passed from brothers of John Farquharson, Charles Farquharson of Invery the ‘Black Colonel’. Both were involved as rebellions from 1715 to 1745. James Farquharson was wounded in a battle of Falkirk in year 1746.
The estate was then passed to the Farquharsons of Auchendryne. Then in the year 1798, James Duff acquired the Balmoral and put the castle on leased. Sir Robert Gordon acquired the ease in the year 1830. The castle went through major modifications of baronial style which was designed by John Smith of Aberdeen.
Acquisition of Royal Castle
Initially built as an ‘Estate House’ in the year 1390, Queen Victoria fell in love with the building structure and stunning landscape surrounding the castle. She also described the place as ‘my dear paradise in the Highlands’. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, leased the original estate, as they loved the estate they finally planned to purchase the ‘Estate’.
A new Baronial style castle was constructed 100-yards from the original building as a new castle, since the old castle was demolished.
Interesting Facts of Balmoral Castle
- Queen Victoria laid the foundation of Castle herself in the year 1853 on 28th
- It was this Scottish Castle where Queen Elizabeth II, was when Princess Dianas death was announced.
- In the year 1999, Prince Edward and Sophie Rhys spent their honeymoon.
- The same castle also witnessed when Prince Philip proposed Queen Elizabeth II.
Undoubtedly, the Balmoral castle is associated and known as a ‘Royal Castle by British Royal Family’!