The Antonine Wall, the name itself depicts some sort of wall built for safety or protection purpose. Let’s explore a bit about the historical structure, also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Nearly 2000-years ago, the Antonine Wall was built on the North-west frontier by the Roman Empire. The great wall was built under the order of the Emperor ‘Antoninus Pius’ in 140 AD. The wall ran 40-miles.
Tourist prefer to experience Antonine Wall Walk, but definitely with Antonine Wall Map in hand!
About the Antonine Wall:
The Antonine Wall was built as a symbol of Roman Empire and physical barrier to control the power as Roman Wall. The wall was not just simple as compared to the other wall, but was built with a turf rampart fronted by huge, wide and deep ditch. The fortlets and forts offered accommodation for the troops stationed on the frontier. Behind the rampart was a road known as ‘Military Way’. The wall was a most complex frontier built by Roman Army as it was the last frontier to be built by the Romans.
The Wall path crosses five modern authorities Glasgow, North Lanarkshire, West Dunbartonshire and East Dunbartonshire.
Significance of Site:
The Antonine Wall was declared as a World Heritage Site in the year 2008, it was also declared as the prime frontier of Roman Empire along with Hadrian Wall which was declared as a World Heritage site in year 1987 and German Limes which was declared in 2005.
The wall took 12-years to get complete. It stretches from Old Kilpatrick to Carriden near Bo’ness. The wall was built with a purpose to extend the Roman territory and replace the significance of the Hadrian Wall to the south as the frontier of Britannia. Roman during that period, established many forts and camps to protect their routes and territory.
The Antonine Wall is shorter than Hadrian Wall, built with turf on a complete stone foundation. The wind wall and stone foundation of the original fort determine the actual plan. The original plan was to build stone wall vary similar to Hadrian Wall, which was quickly amended. The Romans were to plan to build forts on every 10-kilometer, which was then revised to 3.3kilometer. The Rough Castle Fort is small, but best preserved fort among the nineteen forts which were built.
The Antonine Wall was abandoned 8-years after completion. It was during that period Roman legion were withdrew to Hadrian Wall. Then in 197 after a series of attack, Emperor Septimius Severus landed in Scotland in 208. This series of attack damaged the frontier which was then repaired. This re-occupation of Emperor Septimius Severus lasted for a short period of time. The wall was later named by Roman Historians as Severan Wall.
The Antonine all is also known as Vallum Antonini, which run between the Clyde and Forth, made with stone turf and stone base.
Status of World Heritage Site:
The United Kingdom government added nomination of the Antonine Wall for Heritage Site from around the world. The UNESCO Body then declared the monument as UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 2003. The Scottish Government has been backed since the year 2005. There were huge disagreements that the Antonine Wall mentioned in the text, but does not appear below UNESCO World Heritage property.