Damascus City is the second largest city of Syria and also the capital of Syria after Aleppo. The Damascus City is nicknamed as ‘City of Jasmine’. It is not just a major cultural centre but also a religious centre of Levant. The estimated population of city is around 1,711,000. The city is exactly located in the south-western part to Syria.
Damascus is a large metropolitan area with a population of 2.4-million. The place is surrounded by eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebnon Mountain. It experiences a semi-arid climate due to rain-shadow effect. Barada River is the only river which flows through Damascus.
Ancient Damascus City
It was founded in 3rd millennium BC, also considered as the oldest city of Middle East part. The place was considered as the centre for flourishing craft industry and specialized in lace and sword formation. It has around 125-monuments with spectacular Mosque.
The city has more influence of Islam’s, in spite traces of Roman and Byzantine can be seen in the city. The city on based on Roman Plan, with few aspects and orientation of Greek City. It is declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.