Salvador, a capital and major port of Bahia, a state in Brazil. The Salvador is the third-largest city of the country next to Sao Paulo and Rio de Janerio. It is situated in southern of bluff-formed peninsula which separates Todos Os Santos Bay from Atlantic Ocean. It is also one of the oldest colonial cities. The climate is also pleasant with a hot tropical climate, and with a cool breeze during rainy and winter season. At rest of time, climate is quite moderate.
About the city Salvador Brazil
Salvador was founded by the Portuguese in the year 1549, as a 1st capital of Brazil. A sharp cliff divides the place into lower and upper Town by 279-feet. A district in the upper town, Pelourinho stands uniquely with brilliant historical monuments and Portuguese colonial architecture. Today, Salvador is titled as a World heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1985. It was first slave port in America where slaves’ progeny makes it centre of Afro-Brazilian culture.
Image credit@Hemanth Setty
History of the city Salvador Brazil
The city Salvador is the oldest city, which was founded by Tome De Sousa, who was then first governor general. The sugar trade from the city benefited, which resulted in the development of shores, the city soon then became a tempting place for enemies and pirates of Portugal. The place was then conquered by Dutch force in the year 1624, which was retaken by Portuguese and ruled for two centuries. The last Portuguese troops were debarred in July 1823. Today, a monument named as ‘Campo Grande’ is commemorated as Brazilian victory.
Salvador was also known as the main centre for African slave during the colonial period. Muslim African slaves started a widespread revolt in year 1835. At present, Salvador still has the largest concentration of mulatto and black populations. In year 1763, Salvador lost its political supremacy which leads to economic decline. The transfer of powers and colonial seats of government went to Rio de Janeiro. Salvador did not emerge until 1900. Then After 1904, Salvador experienced population growth accompanied with economic growth.
Today, with increasing of import and export sales, the city is ranked as the finest city of Brazil. The city exports sugar, sisal, tobacco, hides, aluminium, castor beans and petroleum from Candeias oil field. Ceramic, textile, metallurgy, Leatherworking, shipbuilding is main industries. At present, the port is well developed which also include yacht harbour. It is well-connected by foreign shipping airlines, domestic airlines with rail and bus routes connecting southern and central Brazil. Tourism of the city is based on city’s fine beaches, historic sites and so.
A unique feature of Salvador is its division of the lower and upper port. The port connects commercial and residential zones few feet above the sea level. Pillory or Pelourinho is declared as a UNESCO site. The area underwent restoration in year 1990s with colonial buildings. The Lacerda elevator is a popular landmark, which lifts 235-passengers to 71-meters high between streetcar systems.
There are few colonial secular architecture, which are notable. There are several museums, monastery as a tourist destination. The pre-Lenten carnival attracts a huge tourist crowd.